Musculoskeletal Microbiology: The Utility of the Microbiome in Orthopaedics

Musculoskeletal Microbiology: The Utility of the Microbiome in Orthopaedics

The last 15 years have witnessed a rebirth in the study of the microbes that colonize the human body. The vast majority of human microbioma lies in the intestine. The modifications made to the intestinal microbiome have been associated with the pathogenesis and the progression of expanded diseases throughout the body – including atherosclerosis, depression and obesity. Our understanding of the effects of intestinal microbioma on the musculoskeletal system remains in its infancy, but preclinical work has demonstrated an effect of intestinal microbioma on the success of orthopedic surgical procedures, osteoporosis, osteoarthritis, of the osteoarthritis and muscle mass.

In this perspective, I have examined the preliminary conclusions demonstrating that a prejudicial intestinal microbiome can increase the likelihood of developing a peripheral joint infection and how the intestine microbioma modifications can reduce bone resistance by altering the properties of the material. Bone tissues. In addition to discussing these examples, I review the hypothesis that many noncommunicable chronic diseases have become more prevalent in modern industrialized societies as a result of changes in the composition of the intestinal microbiome resulting from the evolution of the ‘Environment / Lifestyle (feeding, sanitation, antibiotic use).

The heaviest musculoskeletal disorders are chronic and noncommunicable and can therefore be linked to the general changes in the composition of the intestinal microbiome, a possibility that I show by examining changes in the prevalence of osteoarthritis over the last century. Microbioma-based therapies are potentially harmless, inexpensive and have the potential to be effective at occasional use, which makes them attractive to meet the needs of chronic disorders and / or slowly progressing musculoskeletal disorders. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

 

Multi-level modeling as a tool for including variability and uncertainty in quantitative microbiology and risk assessment. Thermal inactivation of Listeria monocytogenes as proof of concept

Variability is inherent in biology and as substantial for microbial populations. In the context of the food safety risk assessment, it refers to differences in the response of different bacterial strains (variability between strain) and different cells (variability within the strain) to the same condition (by Example The inactivation processing). However, its quantification based on empirical observations and its incorporation into predictive models is a challenge for experimental design and analysis (statistics). In this article, we propose the use of multilevel models to quantify (different levels of) variability and uncertainty and include them in forecasts. As proof of concept, we analyze the microbial inactivation of Listeria monocytogenes to thermal treatments, including different variability levels (between strain and strain strain) and uncertainty.

The relationship between the microbial number and the time has been expressed using a weibullian (non-linear) model. In addition, we have defined stochastic hypotheses to describe the different types of variation at the kinetic parameters, as well as in the observations (microbial number). Model settings (kinetic settings and variances) are estimated using Bayesian statistics. The multi-level approach has been compared to a similar model at a single level. The multilevel methodology shrinks the estimates of extreme parameters to the average depending on the uncertainty, thus attenuating the tracksuit.

In addition, this approach makes it possible to easily incorporate different levels of variation (between the strain and / or variability of the strain and / or uncertainty) in the forecasts. On the other hand, multi-level (Bayesian) models are more complex to define, implement, analyze and communicate models at a single level. Nevertheless, their ability to incorporate different sources of variability into predictions makes them very suitable for a quantitative assessment of microbial risks.

 Musculoskeletal Microbiology: The Utility of the Microbiome in Orthopaedics
Musculoskeletal Microbiology: The Utility of the Microbiome in Orthopaedics

Geochemistry and microbiology provide environmental niches with conditions promoting potential microbial activity in the shale of Bakken

Schist Bakken and the formation of three underlying forks are an important oil and gas reservoir in the United States. The hydrocarbon resources in this region are accessible using unconventional oil and gas extraction processes, including horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing. However, geochemistry and microbiology of this region are not well understood, although they are known to have major implications for productivity and water management.

In this study, we analyzed the water produced from 14 unconventional wells of the Bakken Shale using geochemical measurements, quantitative PCR (QPCR) and sequencing of the RNA 16S gene with the general objective of the general objective. Understanding the complex dynamics present in hydraulically fractured wells. Bakken Shale has produced waters from this study exposes high measurements of total dissolved solids (TDS). These conditions inhibit microbial growth, so that all samples had small microbial fillers, with the exception of a sample (61), which included lower TDS concentrations and higher Arrn gene copies. Our water samples produced had high chloride concentrations typical of other Bakken waters.

Ofloxacin

GA7752-1G 1 g
EUR 64.8

Ofloxacin

GA7752-25G 25 g
EUR 208.8

Ofloxacin

GA7752-5G 5 g
EUR 103.2

Ofloxacin

HY-B0125 10mM/1mL
EUR 135.6

Ofloxacin [HRP]

DAGA-048H 1mg
EUR 1466.4

Ofloxacin [OVA]

DAGA-048O 1mg
EUR 936

Ofloxacin [BSA]

DAGA-060B 1mg
EUR 998.4

Ofloxacin [KLH]

DAGA-065K 1mg
EUR 1294.8

Ofloxacin antibody

10-1548 100 ug
EUR 470.4
Description: Mouse monoclonal Ofloxacin antibody

Ofloxacin Antibody

20-abx210187
  • EUR 526.80
  • EUR 393.60
  • 100 ug
  • 50 ug

Ofloxacin-BSA

80-1477 1 mg
EUR 781.2
Description: BSA conjugated Ofloxacin Hapten

Ofloxacin-OVA

80-1478 1 mg
EUR 781.2
Description: OVA conjugated Ofloxacin Hapten

Ofloxacin Hydrochloride

O039-10G 10g
EUR 195.6

Ofloxacin Hydrochloride

O039-1G 1g
EUR 75.6

(R)-Ofloxacin

HY-B0330D 5mg
EUR 1093.2

Ofloxacin-HRP Conjugate

50019 1 mg
EUR 576

Ofloxacin-BSA Conjugate

50020 1 mg
EUR 576

Ofloxacin-KLH Conjugate

50021 1 mg
EUR 576

Ofloxacin monoclonal antibody

10R-11490 1 mg
EUR 1332
Description: Mouse anti- Ofloxacin monoclonal antibody

Ofloxacin (OFX) Antibody

20-abx175179
  • EUR 994.80
  • EUR 526.80
  • 1 mg
  • 200 ug

BSA Conjugated Ofloxacin (OFX)

4-CPK753Ge11
  • EUR 496.32
  • EUR 256.80
  • EUR 1531.20
  • EUR 590.40
  • EUR 1060.80
  • EUR 408.00
  • EUR 3648.00
  • 100 ug
  • 10ug
  • 1 mg
  • 200 ug
  • 500 ug
  • 50ug
  • 5 mg
Description: Recombinant Pan-species Ofloxacin expressed in: E.coli

OVA Conjugated Ofloxacin (OFX)

4-CPK753Ge21
  • EUR 496.32
  • EUR 256.80
  • EUR 1531.20
  • EUR 590.40
  • EUR 1060.80
  • EUR 408.00
  • EUR 3648.00
  • 100 ug
  • 10ug
  • 1 mg
  • 200 ug
  • 500 ug
  • 50ug
  • 5 mg
Description: Recombinant Pan-species Ofloxacin expressed in: E.coli

Ofloxacin (OFX) Protein (BSA)

20-abx651880
  • EUR 693.60
  • EUR 309.60
  • EUR 2064.00
  • EUR 828.00
  • EUR 510.00
  • 100 ug
  • 10 ug
  • 1 mg
  • 200 ug
  • 50 ug

Ofloxacin (OFX) Protein (OVA)

20-abx651881
  • EUR 693.60
  • EUR 309.60
  • EUR 2064.00
  • EUR 828.00
  • EUR 510.00
  • 100 ug
  • 10 ug
  • 1 mg
  • 200 ug
  • 50 ug

Anti-Ofloxacin antibody *Mouse anti-human, monoclonal IgG2b*

V100235 50 ug
EUR 367.2

Anti-Ofloxacin antibody *Mouse anti-human, monoclonal IgG2b*

V100236 1 mg
EUR 1306.8

Holder for Plasmid Midi, Maxi and Maxi plus, Ion Exchange column

FAPDE-holder-for-ion-exchange 1 prep
EUR 189.6

Holder for water tank for mounting

CHA4068 EACH
EUR 108.3

Sample comb for batching for AE-6110

2398313 unit
EUR 120
Description: (90mm・r efer ence at t ached・1.5mm t i ck ness)

Adaptor for flexible plates, accessory for AgileSealer?

APS-200-FP
EUR 421.2

Loading step for Ensign for Rodwell autoclaves

AUT1350 EACH
EUR 621.3

Discard System for Genesis for Rodwell autoclaves

AUT2000 EACH
EUR 979.26

FOR Filter for ChemFAST 09 Top/Elite

CAB1460 EACH
EUR 672.6

Automatic FillDrain for Clean Steam for Rodwell autoclaves

AUT1351 EACH
EUR 2211.6

Marking labels for microplates (on sheets for printing)

DD53080 PK3120
EUR 131.1

Falcon Cell Companion For For 12 Well Plate

353503 PK50
EUR 158.46

FOR Filter for ChemFAST 06/12 Top/Elite

CAB1442 EACH
EUR 864.12

Data cable for RS232 connection for Osmomat 3000

WAT4748 EACH
EUR 144.78

Stand for D1000

D1000-ST 1 PC
EUR 669.95

For-Ala-OMe

E-1845.0005 5.0g
EUR 240
Description: Sum Formula: C5H9NO3; CAS# [32221-83-3]

For-Ala-OMe

E-1845.0025 25.0g
EUR 849.6
Description: Sum Formula: C5H9NO3; CAS# [32221-83-3]

For-Met-OH

E-1850.0005 5.0g
EUR 151.2
Description: Sum Formula: C6H11NO3S; CAS# [4289-98-9]

For-Met-OH

E-1850.0025 25.0g
EUR 501.6
Description: Sum Formula: C6H11NO3S; CAS# [4289-98-9]

For-Val-OH

E-1855.0005 5.0g
EUR 138
Description: Sum Formula: C6H11NO3; CAS# [4289-97-8]

For-Val-OH

E-1855.0025 25.0g
EUR 428.4
Description: Sum Formula: C6H11NO3; CAS# [4289-97-8]

For-Phe-OH

E-2690.0005 5.0g
EUR 138
Description: Sum Formula: C10H11NO3; CAS# [13200-85-6]

For-Phe-OH

E-2690.0025 25.0g
EUR 385.2
Description: Sum Formula: C10H11NO3; CAS# [13200-85-6]

For-Phe-OMe

E-2825.0005 5.0g
EUR 138
Description: Sum Formula: C11H13NO3; CAS# [2311-21-9]

For-Phe-OMe

E-2825.0025 25.0g
EUR 370.8
Description: Sum Formula: C11H13NO3; CAS# [2311-21-9]

gelcaster for sequencer

ESEQ1000-CAST ea
EUR 524.4

For-Ala-OH

5-02335 25g Ask for price

For-Ala-OH

5-02336 100g Ask for price

For-Val-OH

5-03697 25g Ask for price

For-Val-OH

5-03698 100g Ask for price

TMB for Microarrays

42R-1004 500 ml
EUR 424.8
Description: Ultra sensitive TMB Peroxidase Substrate ready to use in immunoarrays.

pNPP for ELISA

42R-1005 500 ml
EUR 424.8

TMB for Precipitation

42R-TB100x 1000 ml
EUR 645.6
Description: High sensitivity TMB Substrate for Precipitation assays

TMB for Histochemistry

42R-TB103 500 ml
EUR 392.4
Description: High sensitivity TMB Substrate for Histochemistry assays

I.S. for Haloperidol

50R-R1854 50 mg
EUR 289.2
Description: Haloperidol chemical reference substance

Stand for D1000

BCM1237 1 pcs, 1 UNIT
EUR 668.04

Hematoxylin, For Automation

HAQ500 500 ml
EUR 85.2

Hematoxylin, For Automation

HAQ999 1000 ml
EUR 102

Antibody for Phosphoserine

SPC-149F 0.4ml
EUR 434.4
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphoserine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphoserine conjugated to KLH, and phosvitin mixture. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, IHC, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), ICC/IF (1:50), ELISA (1:250), IP (1:100). This Phosphoserine antibody is unconjugated.

Antibody for Phosphoserine

SPC-149F-A390 0.4ml
EUR 490.8
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphoserine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphoserine conjugated to KLH, and phosvitin mixture. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, IHC, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), ICC/IF (1:50), ELISA (1:250), IP (1:100). This Phosphoserine antibody is conjugated to ATTO 390.

Antibody for Phosphoserine

SPC-149F-A488 0.4ml
EUR 489.6
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphoserine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphoserine conjugated to KLH, and phosvitin mixture. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, IHC, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), ICC/IF (1:50), ELISA (1:250), IP (1:100). This Phosphoserine antibody is conjugated to ATTO 488.

Antibody for Phosphoserine

SPC-149F-A565 0.4ml
EUR 489.6
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphoserine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphoserine conjugated to KLH, and phosvitin mixture. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, IHC, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), ICC/IF (1:50), ELISA (1:250), IP (1:100). This Phosphoserine antibody is conjugated to ATTO 565.

Antibody for Phosphoserine

SPC-149F-A594 0.4ml
EUR 489.6
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphoserine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphoserine conjugated to KLH, and phosvitin mixture. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, IHC, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), ICC/IF (1:50), ELISA (1:250), IP (1:100). This Phosphoserine antibody is conjugated to ATTO 594.

Antibody for Phosphoserine

SPC-149F-A633 0.4ml
EUR 489.6
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphoserine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphoserine conjugated to KLH, and phosvitin mixture. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, IHC, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), ICC/IF (1:50), ELISA (1:250), IP (1:100). This Phosphoserine antibody is conjugated to ATTO 633.

Antibody for Phosphoserine

SPC-149F-A655 0.4ml
EUR 489.6
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphoserine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphoserine conjugated to KLH, and phosvitin mixture. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, IHC, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), ICC/IF (1:50), ELISA (1:250), IP (1:100). This Phosphoserine antibody is conjugated to ATTO 655.

Antibody for Phosphoserine

SPC-149F-A680 0.4ml
EUR 489.6
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphoserine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphoserine conjugated to KLH, and phosvitin mixture. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, IHC, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), ICC/IF (1:50), ELISA (1:250), IP (1:100). This Phosphoserine antibody is conjugated to ATTO 680.

Antibody for Phosphoserine

SPC-149F-A700 0.4ml
EUR 489.6
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphoserine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphoserine conjugated to KLH, and phosvitin mixture. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, IHC, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), ICC/IF (1:50), ELISA (1:250), IP (1:100). This Phosphoserine antibody is conjugated to ATTO 700.

Antibody for Phosphoserine

SPC-149F-ALP 0.4ml
EUR 483.6
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphoserine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphoserine conjugated to KLH, and phosvitin mixture. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, IHC, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), ICC/IF (1:50), ELISA (1:250), IP (1:100). This Phosphoserine antibody is conjugated to Alkaline Phosphatase.

Antibody for Phosphoserine

SPC-149F-APC 0.4ml
EUR 489.6
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphoserine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphoserine conjugated to KLH, and phosvitin mixture. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, IHC, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), ICC/IF (1:50), ELISA (1:250), IP (1:100). This Phosphoserine antibody is conjugated to APC .

Antibody for Phosphoserine

SPC-149F-APCCY7 0.4ml
EUR 576
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphoserine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphoserine conjugated to KLH, and phosvitin mixture. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, IHC, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), ICC/IF (1:50), ELISA (1:250), IP (1:100). This Phosphoserine antibody is conjugated to APC/Cy7.

Antibody for Phosphoserine

SPC-149F-BI 0.4ml
EUR 486
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphoserine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphoserine conjugated to KLH, and phosvitin mixture. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, IHC, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), ICC/IF (1:50), ELISA (1:250), IP (1:100). This Phosphoserine antibody is conjugated to Biotin.

Antibody for Phosphoserine

SPC-149F-DY350 0.4ml
EUR 507.6
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphoserine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphoserine conjugated to KLH, and phosvitin mixture. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, IHC, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), ICC/IF (1:50), ELISA (1:250), IP (1:100). This Phosphoserine antibody is conjugated to Dylight 350.

Antibody for Phosphoserine

SPC-149F-DY405 0.4ml
EUR 493.2
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphoserine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphoserine conjugated to KLH, and phosvitin mixture. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, IHC, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), ICC/IF (1:50), ELISA (1:250), IP (1:100). This Phosphoserine antibody is conjugated to Dylight 405.

Antibody for Phosphoserine

SPC-149F-DY488 0.4ml
EUR 482.4
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphoserine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphoserine conjugated to KLH, and phosvitin mixture. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, IHC, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), ICC/IF (1:50), ELISA (1:250), IP (1:100). This Phosphoserine antibody is conjugated to Dylight 488.

Antibody for Phosphoserine

SPC-149F-DY594 0.4ml
EUR 484.8
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphoserine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphoserine conjugated to KLH, and phosvitin mixture. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, IHC, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), ICC/IF (1:50), ELISA (1:250), IP (1:100). This Phosphoserine antibody is conjugated to Dylight 594.

Antibody for Phosphoserine

SPC-149F-DY633 0.4ml
EUR 478.8
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphoserine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphoserine conjugated to KLH, and phosvitin mixture. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, IHC, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), ICC/IF (1:50), ELISA (1:250), IP (1:100). This Phosphoserine antibody is conjugated to Dylight 633.

Antibody for Phosphoserine

SPC-149F-FITC 0.4ml
EUR 481.2
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphoserine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphoserine conjugated to KLH, and phosvitin mixture. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, IHC, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), ICC/IF (1:50), ELISA (1:250), IP (1:100). This Phosphoserine antibody is conjugated to FITC.

Antibody for Phosphoserine

SPC-149F-P594 0.4ml
EUR 498
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphoserine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphoserine conjugated to KLH, and phosvitin mixture. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, IHC, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), ICC/IF (1:50), ELISA (1:250), IP (1:100). This Phosphoserine antibody is conjugated to PE/ATTO 594.

Antibody for Phosphoserine

SPC-149F-PCP 0.4ml
EUR 489.6
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphoserine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphoserine conjugated to KLH, and phosvitin mixture. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, IHC, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), ICC/IF (1:50), ELISA (1:250), IP (1:100). This Phosphoserine antibody is conjugated to PerCP.

Antibody for Phosphoserine

SPC-149F-RPE 0.4ml
EUR 487.2
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphoserine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphoserine conjugated to KLH, and phosvitin mixture. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, IHC, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), ICC/IF (1:50), ELISA (1:250), IP (1:100). This Phosphoserine antibody is conjugated to RPE .

Antibody for Phosphoserine

SPC-149F-STR 0.4ml
EUR 488.4
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphoserine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphoserine conjugated to KLH, and phosvitin mixture. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, IHC, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), ICC/IF (1:50), ELISA (1:250), IP (1:100). This Phosphoserine antibody is conjugated to Streptavidin.

Antibody for Phosphoserine

SPC-151F 0.4ml
EUR 501.6
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphoserine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphoserine conjugated to KLH, and phosvitin mixture. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, IHC, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), ICC/IF (1:50), ELISA (1:250), IP (1:100). This Phosphoserine antibody is conjugated to HRP.

Antibody for Phosphothreonine

SPC-152F 0.4ml
EUR 501.6
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphothreonine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphothreonine conjugated to KLH. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), ICC/IF (1:60), ELISA (1:2000), IP (1:100). This Phosphothreonine antibody is conjugated to HRP.

Antibody for Phosphothreonine

SPC-154F 0.4ml
EUR 434.4
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphothreonine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphothreonine conjugated to KLH. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), ICC/IF (1:60), ELISA (1:2000), IP (1:100). This Phosphothreonine antibody is unconjugated.

Antibody for Phosphothreonine

SPC-154F-A390 0.4ml
EUR 490.8
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphothreonine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphothreonine conjugated to KLH. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), ICC/IF (1:60), ELISA (1:2000), IP (1:100). This Phosphothreonine antibody is conjugated to ATTO 390.

Antibody for Phosphothreonine

SPC-154F-A488 0.4ml
EUR 489.6
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphothreonine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphothreonine conjugated to KLH. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), ICC/IF (1:60), ELISA (1:2000), IP (1:100). This Phosphothreonine antibody is conjugated to ATTO 488.

Antibody for Phosphothreonine

SPC-154F-A565 0.4ml
EUR 489.6
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphothreonine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphothreonine conjugated to KLH. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), ICC/IF (1:60), ELISA (1:2000), IP (1:100). This Phosphothreonine antibody is conjugated to ATTO 565.

Antibody for Phosphothreonine

SPC-154F-A594 0.4ml
EUR 489.6
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphothreonine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphothreonine conjugated to KLH. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), ICC/IF (1:60), ELISA (1:2000), IP (1:100). This Phosphothreonine antibody is conjugated to ATTO 594.

Antibody for Phosphothreonine

SPC-154F-A633 0.4ml
EUR 489.6
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphothreonine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphothreonine conjugated to KLH. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), ICC/IF (1:60), ELISA (1:2000), IP (1:100). This Phosphothreonine antibody is conjugated to ATTO 633.

Antibody for Phosphothreonine

SPC-154F-A655 0.4ml
EUR 489.6
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphothreonine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphothreonine conjugated to KLH. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), ICC/IF (1:60), ELISA (1:2000), IP (1:100). This Phosphothreonine antibody is conjugated to ATTO 655.

Antibody for Phosphothreonine

SPC-154F-A680 0.4ml
EUR 489.6
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphothreonine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphothreonine conjugated to KLH. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), ICC/IF (1:60), ELISA (1:2000), IP (1:100). This Phosphothreonine antibody is conjugated to ATTO 680.

Antibody for Phosphothreonine

SPC-154F-A700 0.4ml
EUR 489.6
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphothreonine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphothreonine conjugated to KLH. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), ICC/IF (1:60), ELISA (1:2000), IP (1:100). This Phosphothreonine antibody is conjugated to ATTO 700.

Antibody for Phosphothreonine

SPC-154F-ALP 0.4ml
EUR 483.6
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphothreonine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphothreonine conjugated to KLH. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), ICC/IF (1:60), ELISA (1:2000), IP (1:100). This Phosphothreonine antibody is conjugated to Alkaline Phosphatase.

Antibody for Phosphothreonine

SPC-154F-APC 0.4ml
EUR 489.6
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphothreonine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphothreonine conjugated to KLH. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), ICC/IF (1:60), ELISA (1:2000), IP (1:100). This Phosphothreonine antibody is conjugated to APC .

Antibody for Phosphothreonine

SPC-154F-APCCY7 0.4ml
EUR 576
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphothreonine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphothreonine conjugated to KLH. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), ICC/IF (1:60), ELISA (1:2000), IP (1:100). This Phosphothreonine antibody is conjugated to APC/Cy7.

Antibody for Phosphothreonine

SPC-154F-BI 0.4ml
EUR 486
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphothreonine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphothreonine conjugated to KLH. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), ICC/IF (1:60), ELISA (1:2000), IP (1:100). This Phosphothreonine antibody is conjugated to Biotin.

Antibody for Phosphothreonine

SPC-154F-DY350 0.4ml
EUR 507.6
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphothreonine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphothreonine conjugated to KLH. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), ICC/IF (1:60), ELISA (1:2000), IP (1:100). This Phosphothreonine antibody is conjugated to Dylight 350.

Antibody for Phosphothreonine

SPC-154F-DY405 0.4ml
EUR 493.2
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphothreonine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphothreonine conjugated to KLH. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), ICC/IF (1:60), ELISA (1:2000), IP (1:100). This Phosphothreonine antibody is conjugated to Dylight 405.

Antibody for Phosphothreonine

SPC-154F-DY488 0.4ml
EUR 482.4
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphothreonine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphothreonine conjugated to KLH. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), ICC/IF (1:60), ELISA (1:2000), IP (1:100). This Phosphothreonine antibody is conjugated to Dylight 488.

Antibody for Phosphothreonine

SPC-154F-DY594 0.4ml
EUR 484.8
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphothreonine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphothreonine conjugated to KLH. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), ICC/IF (1:60), ELISA (1:2000), IP (1:100). This Phosphothreonine antibody is conjugated to Dylight 594.

Antibody for Phosphothreonine

SPC-154F-DY633 0.4ml
EUR 478.8
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphothreonine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphothreonine conjugated to KLH. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), ICC/IF (1:60), ELISA (1:2000), IP (1:100). This Phosphothreonine antibody is conjugated to Dylight 633.

Antibody for Phosphothreonine

SPC-154F-FITC 0.4ml
EUR 481.2
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphothreonine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphothreonine conjugated to KLH. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), ICC/IF (1:60), ELISA (1:2000), IP (1:100). This Phosphothreonine antibody is conjugated to FITC.

Antibody for Phosphothreonine

SPC-154F-P594 0.4ml
EUR 498
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphothreonine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphothreonine conjugated to KLH. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), ICC/IF (1:60), ELISA (1:2000), IP (1:100). This Phosphothreonine antibody is conjugated to PE/ATTO 594.

Antibody for Phosphothreonine

SPC-154F-PCP 0.4ml
EUR 489.6
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphothreonine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphothreonine conjugated to KLH. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), ICC/IF (1:60), ELISA (1:2000), IP (1:100). This Phosphothreonine antibody is conjugated to PerCP.

Antibody for Phosphothreonine

SPC-154F-RPE 0.4ml
EUR 487.2
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphothreonine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphothreonine conjugated to KLH. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), ICC/IF (1:60), ELISA (1:2000), IP (1:100). This Phosphothreonine antibody is conjugated to RPE .

Antibody for Phosphothreonine

SPC-154F-STR 0.4ml
EUR 488.4
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphothreonine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphothreonine conjugated to KLH. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), ICC/IF (1:60), ELISA (1:2000), IP (1:100). This Phosphothreonine antibody is conjugated to Streptavidin.

Antibody for Phosphotyrosine

SPC-161F 0.4ml
EUR 434.4
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphotyrosine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphotyrosine conjugated to KLH. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, IHC, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), IHC (1:100), ICC/IF (1:50), ELISA (1:2000), IP (1:100). This Phosphotyrosine antibody is unconjugated.

Antibody for Phosphotyrosine

SPC-161F-A390 0.4ml
EUR 490.8
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphotyrosine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphotyrosine conjugated to KLH. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, IHC, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), IHC (1:100), ICC/IF (1:50), ELISA (1:2000), IP (1:100). This Phosphotyrosine antibody is conjugated to ATTO 390.

Antibody for Phosphotyrosine

SPC-161F-A488 0.4ml
EUR 489.6
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphotyrosine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphotyrosine conjugated to KLH. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, IHC, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), IHC (1:100), ICC/IF (1:50), ELISA (1:2000), IP (1:100). This Phosphotyrosine antibody is conjugated to ATTO 488.

Antibody for Phosphotyrosine

SPC-161F-A565 0.4ml
EUR 489.6
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphotyrosine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphotyrosine conjugated to KLH. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, IHC, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), IHC (1:100), ICC/IF (1:50), ELISA (1:2000), IP (1:100). This Phosphotyrosine antibody is conjugated to ATTO 565.

Antibody for Phosphotyrosine

SPC-161F-A594 0.4ml
EUR 489.6
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphotyrosine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphotyrosine conjugated to KLH. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, IHC, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), IHC (1:100), ICC/IF (1:50), ELISA (1:2000), IP (1:100). This Phosphotyrosine antibody is conjugated to ATTO 594.

Antibody for Phosphotyrosine

SPC-161F-A633 0.4ml
EUR 489.6
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphotyrosine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphotyrosine conjugated to KLH. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, IHC, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), IHC (1:100), ICC/IF (1:50), ELISA (1:2000), IP (1:100). This Phosphotyrosine antibody is conjugated to ATTO 633.

Antibody for Phosphotyrosine

SPC-161F-A655 0.4ml
EUR 489.6
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphotyrosine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphotyrosine conjugated to KLH. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, IHC, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), IHC (1:100), ICC/IF (1:50), ELISA (1:2000), IP (1:100). This Phosphotyrosine antibody is conjugated to ATTO 655.

Antibody for Phosphotyrosine

SPC-161F-A680 0.4ml
EUR 489.6
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphotyrosine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphotyrosine conjugated to KLH. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, IHC, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), IHC (1:100), ICC/IF (1:50), ELISA (1:2000), IP (1:100). This Phosphotyrosine antibody is conjugated to ATTO 680.

Antibody for Phosphotyrosine

SPC-161F-A700 0.4ml
EUR 489.6
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphotyrosine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphotyrosine conjugated to KLH. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, IHC, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), IHC (1:100), ICC/IF (1:50), ELISA (1:2000), IP (1:100). This Phosphotyrosine antibody is conjugated to ATTO 700.

Antibody for Phosphotyrosine

SPC-161F-ALP 0.4ml
EUR 483.6
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphotyrosine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphotyrosine conjugated to KLH. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, IHC, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), IHC (1:100), ICC/IF (1:50), ELISA (1:2000), IP (1:100). This Phosphotyrosine antibody is conjugated to Alkaline Phosphatase.

Antibody for Phosphotyrosine

SPC-161F-APC 0.4ml
EUR 489.6
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphotyrosine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphotyrosine conjugated to KLH. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, IHC, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), IHC (1:100), ICC/IF (1:50), ELISA (1:2000), IP (1:100). This Phosphotyrosine antibody is conjugated to APC .

Antibody for Phosphotyrosine

SPC-161F-APCCY7 0.4ml
EUR 576
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphotyrosine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphotyrosine conjugated to KLH. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, IHC, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), IHC (1:100), ICC/IF (1:50), ELISA (1:2000), IP (1:100). This Phosphotyrosine antibody is conjugated to APC/Cy7.

Antibody for Phosphotyrosine

SPC-161F-DY350 0.4ml
EUR 507.6
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphotyrosine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphotyrosine conjugated to KLH. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, IHC, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), IHC (1:100), ICC/IF (1:50), ELISA (1:2000), IP (1:100). This Phosphotyrosine antibody is conjugated to Dylight 350.

Antibody for Phosphotyrosine

SPC-161F-DY405 0.4ml
EUR 493.2
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphotyrosine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphotyrosine conjugated to KLH. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, IHC, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), IHC (1:100), ICC/IF (1:50), ELISA (1:2000), IP (1:100). This Phosphotyrosine antibody is conjugated to Dylight 405.

Antibody for Phosphotyrosine

SPC-161F-DY488 0.4ml
EUR 482.4
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphotyrosine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphotyrosine conjugated to KLH. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, IHC, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), IHC (1:100), ICC/IF (1:50), ELISA (1:2000), IP (1:100). This Phosphotyrosine antibody is conjugated to Dylight 488.

Antibody for Phosphotyrosine

SPC-161F-DY594 0.4ml
EUR 484.8
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphotyrosine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphotyrosine conjugated to KLH. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, IHC, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), IHC (1:100), ICC/IF (1:50), ELISA (1:2000), IP (1:100). This Phosphotyrosine antibody is conjugated to Dylight 594.

Antibody for Phosphotyrosine

SPC-161F-DY633 0.4ml
EUR 478.8
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphotyrosine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphotyrosine conjugated to KLH. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, IHC, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), IHC (1:100), ICC/IF (1:50), ELISA (1:2000), IP (1:100). This Phosphotyrosine antibody is conjugated to Dylight 633.

Antibody for Phosphotyrosine

SPC-161F-FITC 0.4ml
EUR 481.2
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphotyrosine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphotyrosine conjugated to KLH. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, IHC, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), IHC (1:100), ICC/IF (1:50), ELISA (1:2000), IP (1:100). This Phosphotyrosine antibody is conjugated to FITC.

Antibody for Phosphotyrosine

SPC-161F-P594 0.4ml
EUR 498
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphotyrosine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphotyrosine conjugated to KLH. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, IHC, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), IHC (1:100), ICC/IF (1:50), ELISA (1:2000), IP (1:100). This Phosphotyrosine antibody is conjugated to PE/ATTO 594.

Antibody for Phosphotyrosine

SPC-161F-PCP 0.4ml
EUR 489.6
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphotyrosine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphotyrosine conjugated to KLH. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, IHC, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), IHC (1:100), ICC/IF (1:50), ELISA (1:2000), IP (1:100). This Phosphotyrosine antibody is conjugated to PerCP.

Antibody for Phosphotyrosine

SPC-161F-RPE 0.4ml
EUR 487.2
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphotyrosine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphotyrosine conjugated to KLH. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, IHC, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), IHC (1:100), ICC/IF (1:50), ELISA (1:2000), IP (1:100). This Phosphotyrosine antibody is conjugated to RPE .

Antibody for Phosphotyrosine

SPC-161F-STR 0.4ml
EUR 488.4
Description: A polyclonal antibody for Phosphotyrosine from Species Independent. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Phosphotyrosine conjugated to KLH. The Antibody is tested and validated for WB, IHC, ICC/IF, IP, ELISA assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:500), IHC (1:100), ICC/IF (1:50), ELISA (1:2000), IP (1:100). This Phosphotyrosine antibody is conjugated to Streptavidin.

However, they also contained a trend towards the concentration of sulphate which suggested a higher occurrence of reduction of sulphate, particularly in wells 11 and 18. Unique geochemistry and microbial charges recorded for wells 11 and 18 suggest that nature suggests that nature Heterogeneous production formation can provide niches to the environment with conditions conducive to microbial growth. This has been supported by strong correlations between the microbial water community produced and the associated geochemical parameters, including the concentrations of sodium, chloride and sulphate. The microbial water community produced was dominated by 19 bacterial families, all already associated with hydrocarbon reservoirs.

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